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Explore Rote | HUS Ritual ceremony at Rote Island

HUS Ceremony - The ceremony of Hus Ndeo was a traditional ceremony of Rote people to give gratitude for the blessings gained from the crops, fields, and seafood. HUS is a very popular farming ceremony in Rote-Ndao. The name HUS is derived from the root of the word "hu" meaning "base, origin, source". The Rote people believed that the source of their living welfare was sourced from agricultural outcomes, but the results achieved were the blessings of the divine. Therefore, giving thanks for the blessing that has been received and asking for the next blessing is an absolute thing.

hus ceremony rote island

HUS Ritual Ceremony Rote

In the HUS ceremony, various events were conducted, such as ornamental horse March, horse racing, Kebalai, and prayer.  Hus was carried out with the intention of raising gratitude to the Lord for the blessings that had been gained in the previous year as well as raising prayers so that the Lord would bring down the most affluent rain so that the agricultural produce the following year was better. Not only that, Rote people pray for the lontar to produce a lot of nira, pray for animals, and also pray for the people to stay healthy and gain strength in work.
In ancient times, HUS was usually carried out in the summer after harvest, and before the next rainy season, in August. In this month, harvest activities are already done and farming activities have been reduced. HUS became a folk feast marking the beginning of agricultural cycle calculations. HUS was implemented shortly before the peak of the Lontar season (Fanduk). Before the activities of HUS started at a set time, which was one day earlier, the Manahelo were in the evening before HUS, called "Be'e limba ". On that night, various activities were done like Kebalai.

In the morning, a variety of sacrificial offerings were brought to the house of worship called Uma nitu. The sacrificial offering was offered to God. In ancient times, Rote people used the term "Teluk Aman Lai Londa" As a rain God, and the term "Nutu Bek" as a god of agriculture. Later, a priest who in Rote tradition called "Manasonggo" was tasked to open the HUS ceremony formally. Then followed by a dance event. Once the entire series of opening events is complete, the people's feast begins. People eating together, dancing and Foti accompanied by Gong music, and horse racing attractions. Horse racing can be carried out in various types. Some are in the form of horse racing, but there is also a kind of ornamental horse parade. And other attractions, such as Kebalai, at foot, and various other folk games.

Below is one of the Syair quotes used during HUS:

A. h. Bafi Latola, Ma hu Kapa Ladadi
Besak a ala soku lala teen Month
Na aka IFA Lala Ledo Tafan, De lalo neu Bulan
Ma Langgou neu Ledo, Lae Kona Mai, Fo Muni
M au OE manano'uk, Fo Tete Dae Bafak
Ma Totoli Stone poi, Ma fe old Maoe, Ma Tasi Maisi, 
Ma Kale Duak, Ma Pule Bay
Fo Kalen a Didiu, Ma fluffier a Loloso
Fo Ela al Lamahena, Ma Falu Ina Lakabani

The sacrificial offering and offerings in the HUS ceremony were taken from the agricultural produce. In addition, one tailed beast was made a victim, usually a pig. If the event presents the offerings there is an indication that the rain in the following year is little, then a special ceremony is called "Bamba Limba". In this Ucapara, prayers are sent to God so that God does not punish men, but rather to give the rain so that the plants can grow well.

After the inclusion of Christianity, HUS activities with the ceremony "Sosonggok" is no longer done. The usual HUS is HUS welcomes the new year called HUS "Teu Beuk" which is held on 1 January, without a ritual event. However, this new Year's HUS was then reduced and almost no longer implemented.

As the development of education and politics in Indonesia, the regional culture became one of the important aspects in lifting the nation's dignity. Although small, Rote-Ndao as the "fence" of the south of Indonesia has a variety of cultural uniqueness, including the HUS ceremony that was developed until now. Various types of activities also jazz up HUS. The main essence of HUS is to raise gratitude to the creator of life who has given fortune or blessing and also begs the blessing of his people in the following days, whether it be agriculture, livestock, health, and the Blessing of life Other. In addition, various attractions and activities of popular games show a very high creativity of the community. HUS is not merely a feast of people, but more than that HUS is an act of faith (worship).

Haning, Paul A. 2011. Traditional farming.
Fox, James J. The Rotinese: The Study of Social Organization of an Eastern Indonesian People


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