The Rote Tribe History in Indonesia | Expansion and Formation of Rote Ndao District Skip to main content

The Rote Tribe History in Indonesia | Expansion and Formation of Rote Ndao District

Rote before becoming an autonomous Region (district) is inhabited by approximately 97,000 people who are only served by 6 doctors, controlled by 21 members of the army and 69 police members, the area of 1.280 km2/128,000 ha is supported by District level facilities.

Expansion and Formation of Rote Ndao District


Rote People's lives are not like the lives of people in other districts of NTT for example who have own the institution of regional people's representative, Regent, Deputy Regent, APBD, Perda, District Court, state attorney, and facilities others. Football field in Ba'a for example that has since until now has not changed its name to a stadium that characterizes modernity and one of them is that the presence of a government should be able to bring added value to the main owner Government is a community, the establishment of government is the target between the goal of the end is community welfare. District structure is indeed one of the guarantees, but the human and the behavior of the government and the Rote Ndao community is a more decisive stand.

The formal Rote was established as a regency based on Law No. 9 of 2002 on the Formation of Rote Ndao Regency in NTT province. Previously, this area was part of the government Area of level II of Kupang District that was established under LAW No. 69 Year 1958 on the establishment of level II in regional areas of Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, NTT ( Government Gazette Year 1958 number 122, addition to Government Gazette number 1655).

Furthermore, as the implementation of the ACT, it is based on the decree of the Governor of regional head of level I of NTT respectively: number PEM. 66/1/2, dated 28 February 1962 and the Number of Pem. 66/1/22, dated 5 June 1962, then Rote Ndao region divided Become 3 (three) district government Area namely: East Rote Sub-District with the center of government in Eahun; Rote Central District with the Government Center in Baa and West Rote District with the Government Center in Oelaba.

Then in the year 1963 according to the level of development, then based on the decree of the Governor of regional Chief level I of NTT number Pem. 66/1/32, dated 20 July 1963 about the district expansion then the Government Area located in Rote Ndao is divided into 4 (four) districts namely: East Rote Sub-district in Eahun; Rote Central District is a capital of BAA; West Rote Sub-district is a capital of Busalangga; and South Rote Sub-district are cities in Batutua.

Furthermore, after walking for 4 (four) years, the regional expansion happened in Rote to 8 (eight) sub-districts, in connection with the desire of Rote people to form autonomous districts then to meet the requirements It takes that one of the least district districts must be supported by 6 (six) pieces of administrative district, then 4 (four) existing sub-districts are divided into 8 (eight) Sub-Districts based on the decree of Governor-level I of NTT Pem. 66/1/ 44 dated 1 July 1967 and decree number Pem. 66/2/71, dated 17 July 1967 namely: East Rote Sub-district with the center of government in Eahun; A new coastal district with a government center in Olafulihaa; Rote Central District with the center of government in Feapopi; Lobalain subdistrict with a Government center in BAA; North-West Rote district with a Government center in Busalangga; Southwest Rote District with a Government center in Batutua; South Rote Sub-district with the government Center in Daleholu; and West Rote Sub-district with the Government Center in the Nemberala tourist area (Ndao Island, Nuse and Doo are in the area of West Rote district).

Due to the state's financial situation is not possible so that the establishment of autonomous districts can not be done, then as a way out to fulfill the demands of the community, the Governor of regional head of level I of NTT issued Number Pem. 66/2/4, dated 11 April 1968 so that Rote Ndao area was formed as a coordinator of SCHAP in the jurisdiction of District district level II of Kupang and appointed Mr. D.C. Saudale, as regent in Rote Schap Coordinator Ndao with decision Of Guberur Level I Of NTT number Pem. 66/2/21, dated July 1, 1968.

According to the development in the field of government, then in the year 1979 there is a change in the status of coordinator of the Coordination area Schap Rote Ndao to serve as the auxiliary area of Kupang regent for Rote Ndao, based on the decision of the Governor of District 1979 dated 15 March 1979, on the establishment of organization and work Arrangement of the Office of the helper of Kupang regent for Rote Ndao, which has been ratified also by the Minister of the Interior with decree of the minister in Number 061.341.63 -114 dated April 8, 1980. As for the officers who lead in the coordinator of the District Schap Rote Ndao and in the District helper Regent Kupang for Rote Ndao are as follows:
  • Period 1968-1974 is D. C. Saudale as coordinator of Schap Rote Ndao
  • Period 1974-1977 is Drs. R. Chandra Hasyim as Coordinator of Schap Rote Ndao
  • Period 1977-1984 is Drs. G. Th. Hermanus as assistant Regent of Kupang Rote Ndao region
  • Period 1984-1988 is Drs. G. Bait as helper of Kupang regent of Rote Ndao region.
  • The period 1988-1994 is Drs. Ruben IZAAC as assistant Regent of Kupang's Rote Ndao region. 
  • Period 1994 – 2001/2002 is Benjamin Messakh, BA as Assistant regent of Kupang's Rote Ndao region.
  • Period 2002/2003 is Christian Nehemiah Dillak, S. H as Acting regent of Rote Ndao
According to the development and dynamics of society then in the year 2000 the emergence of strong wishes from the people of Rote Ndao good who are in the District Helper area Kupang and Rote Ndao region support from the people of Rote who are in Kupang and in Jakarta Proposed that the governing Territory of Rote Ndao Regent was upgraded to be the definitive district. The proposal is supported by a statement of attitudes from 300 community leaders including indigenous people representing the community from 19 Nusak to the central Government in this case the Minister of the Interior, through the Government of Kupang Regency (as the district Parent). On the basis of the proposal then after through the assessment and mechanism of discussion according to the prevailing laws and regulations then on 10 April 2002 by the central government and DPR-RI set ACT No. 9 year 2002 on the establishment of Rote Ndao Regency in NTT province.

Rupidara (2002) reveals that the history of Rote Ndao Regency is a struggle that began In the Year 1962. As known as Rote-Ndao area is one of the areas Onder Ofdelling of Ofdelling Timor and the island-its pending islands formed into the region of level II (Dati II) at the time of the establishment of Dati II in the Territory Of the District Level I (Dati I) Bali, NTB and NTT according to LAW No. 59 year 1958 ago. History notes that the struggle for the formation of Rote-Ndao Regency was carried out in the year 1962 by J.A. Tulle (ALM), N.D. Dillak, B. A (ALM),. P. FoEh (ALM), R.B. Nalle (ALM), A.J. Hermanus (ALM), W.A. Tomodok (late), D.C. Saudale (late), Chr. J. Mooy (late), J. Amalo (ALM), C.M.K. Amalo and other figures later in 1968 were fought by Mell Adoe, J. A Ndoloe, Marthen Adoe, et al. The cause of the failure of the 1968 struggle, e.g., due to political disputes between the PNI dominating Sabu and Parkindo who dominated Rote, was difficult to reconcile. 40 the Spirit and longing for the birth of Rote Ndao district was never Faded and then re-established with the birth of the Mai Ita Fali Foundation in year 1991 led by J.N. Manafe, B. A in Kupang, a foundation formed to build Rote41 along with the birth of Law No. 22 year 1999 About the local government, on May 1, 1999 was officially formed the Preparatory committee for the formation of Rote Ndao District led by Mell Adoe as chairman and Asiel M. Soruh as a secretary supported by 300 people in the form of community leaders Signature support for the establishment of Rote Ndao regency.

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